Physics 101 Tutorials: Understanding Newtons Laws of Motion and Gravity
Topics include interference, diffraction, scattering, polarization, and absorption. Matrix methods. Applications of lasers.
Specific problems involve the electric fields and potentials from constant arrangements of charge, the behavior of dielectric materials, the magnetic fields from steady currents, and the nature of magnetic materials. Prerequisites: Physics or , , and Mathematics The complete forms of Maxwell's equations are used to describe electromagnetic waves in vacuum and in linear or conducting materials, and to calculate the energy radiated from accelerating charges. An advanced treatment of the Special Theory of Relativity may be a concluding topic.
Prerequisite: Physics and Mathematics Topics typically include series approximations to functions, matrices and eigenvectors, vector analysis, special functions, ordinary and partial differential equations, orthogonal polynomials, asymptotic techniques, boundary value problems, and numerical methods. Prerequisites: Physics or and Mathematics May be taken as a tutorial. Cross-listed as: MATH PHYS Thermodynamics The fundamental ideas of temperature, heat, entropy, and equilibrium; the laws of thermodynamics.
Macroscopic, phenomenological approach to thermodynamics, followed by the microscopic, statistical description. Kinetic theory. Applications to gases, solids, and chemical systems. Prerequisites: Physics and Mathematics or permission of the instructor. Newtonian, Lagrangian, Hamiltonian, and Hamilton-Jacobi formulations of mechanics. Prerequisites: Physics and Mathematics The theory is applied to simple systems for which exact solutions are known. These include single-electron atoms, harmonic oscillators, and systems with intrinsic spin. Prerequisites: Physics and and Mathematics Approximation methods, such as perturbation theory, variational techniques, and numerical methods allow the quantum theory to be used for complex systems.
Performance tests are particularly appropriate to evaluate student mastery of science processes and problem-solving skills. Teachers should use a variety of classroom assessment approaches in conjunction with standard assessment instruments to inform their instruction. Observation of students engaged in science activities is highly recommended as a way to assess students' skills as well as attitudes in science. The nature of the questions posed by students provides important evidence of students' understanding of and interest in science. Physics Core Curriculum. The Physics Core Curriculum has two primary goals: 1 students will value and use science as a process of obtaining knowledge based on observable evidence, and 2 students' curiosity will be sustained as they develop and refine the abilities associated with scientific inquiry.
Theme The Physics Core has three major concepts for the focus of instruction: 1 motion of objects, 2 forces acting on objects, and 3 energy.
Inquiry Physics students should design and perform experiments, and value inquiry as the fundamental scientific process. They should be encouraged to maintain an open and questioning mind, to pose their own questions about objects, events, processes, and results. They should have the opportunity to plan and conduct their own experiments, and come to their own conclusions as they read, observe, compare, describe, infer, and draw conclusions. The results of their experiments need to be compared for reasonableness to multiple sources of information.
They should be encouraged to use reasoning as they apply physics concepts to their lives. Scope Not all possible physics topics are specified in the Core. Teachers may enhance their individual classes as they see opportunities to include more topics or more depth. The Physics Core is intended for teachers to help students understand basic physics concepts, develop scientific habits, and experience the process of scientific investigations.
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Good instruction requires hands-on investigations in which student inquiry is an important goal. Teachers should provide opportunities for all students to experience many things. Laboratory investigations should be frequent and meaningful components of physics instruction.
The Physics of Fast Execution
Teachers should help students plan and conduct experiments in which they:. Students should enjoy science as a process of discovering and understanding the physical world. Relevance Physics Core concepts should be integrated with concepts and skills from other curriculum areas. Reading, writing, and mathematics skills should be emphasized as integral to the instruction of science.
Personal relevance of science in students' lives is an important part of helping students to value science and should be emphasized at this grade level. Developing students' writing skills in science should be an important part of science instruction in physics.
Students should regularly write descriptions of their observations and experiments. Lab journals are an effective way to emphasize the importance of writing in science. Providing opportunities for students to gain insights into science related careers adds to the relevance of science learning. Physics provides students with an opportunity to investigate careers in physics, astronomy, engineering, aerospace, and energy. Character Value for honesty, integrity, self-discipline, respect, responsibility, punctuality, dependability, courtesy, cooperation, consideration, and teamwork should be emphasized as an integral part of science learning.
These relate to the care of living things, safety and concern for self and others, and environmental stewardship. Honesty in all aspects of research, experimentation, data collection, and reporting is an essential component of science. Safety Precautions The hands-on nature of science learning increases the need for teachers to use appropriate precautions in the classroom and field.
Manual Physics 101 Tutorials: Understanding the Laws of Thermodynamics
It is important that all students understand the rules for a safe classroom. The Most Important Goal Science instruction should cultivate and build on students' curiosity and sense of wonder. Effective science instruction engages students in enjoyable learning experiences. Science instruction should be as thrilling an experience for a student as designing, building and testing catapults, bridges and rockets.
Science is not just for those who have traditionally succeeded in the subject, and it is not just for those who will choose science-related careers. In a world of rapidly expanding knowledge and technology, all students must gain the skills they will need to understand and function responsibly and successfully in the world.
The Core provides skills in a context that enables students to experience the joy of doing science. The Intended Learning Outcomes ILOs describe the skills and attitudes students should learn as a result of science instruction.
Course Descriptions | Physics | Lake Forest College
They are an essential part of the Science Core Curriculum and provide teachers with a standard for evaluation of student learning in science. Instruction should include significant science experiences that lead to student understanding using the ILOs. The main intent of science instruction in Utah is that students will value and use science as a process of obtaining knowledge based upon observable evidence. Standard 1 Students will understand how to measure, calculate, and describe the motion of an object in terms of position, time, velocity, and acceleration.
Objective 1 Describe the motion of an object in terms of position, time, and velocity. Objective 2 Analyze the motion of an object in terms of velocity, time, and acceleration. Objective 3 Relate the motion of objects to a frame of reference. Objective 4 Use Newton's first law to explain the motion of an object. Any two objects in the universe with mass exert equal and opposite gravitational forces on one another.
The electromagnetic force is manifested as an electric force, a magnetic force, or a combination. Any two objects in the universe with a net electric charge exert equal and opposite electric forces on one another. While gravitational forces are always attractive, electromagnetic forces can be either attractive or repulsive. Friction, tension, compression, spring, gravitational, and normal forces are all common observable forces.
The net force on an object is the vector sum of all the forces acting upon the object. Standard 2 Students will understand the relation between force, mass, and acceleration. Objective 1 Analyze forces acting on an object. Standard 3 Students will understand the factors determining the strength of gravitational and electric forces. Objective 1 Relate the strength of the gravitational force to the distance between two objects and the mass of the objects i.
Objective 2 Describe the factors that affect the electric force i. Moving electric charges produce magnetic forces and moving magnets produce electric forces. The interplay of electric and magnetic forces is the basis for electric motors, generators, and many other modern technologies, including the production of electromagnetic waves. Modern electric generators produce electricity by converting mechanical energy into electrical energy. Sound and light transfer energy from one location to another as waves.
Characteristics of waves include wavelength, amplitude, and frequency. Waves can combine with one another, bend around corners, reflect off surfaces, be absorbed by materials they enter, and change direction when entering a new material. All these effects vary with wavelength. Observable waves include mechanical and electromagnetic waves.
Mechanical waves transport energy through a medium. Electromagnetic radiation is differentiated by wavelength or frequency, and includes radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, x-rays, and gamma rays. These wavelengths vary from radio waves the longest to gamma rays the shortest.
Useful and Relevant: This curriculum relates directly to student needs and interests.
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It is grounded in the natural world in which we live. Relevance of science to other endeavors enables students to transfer skills gained from science instruction into their other school subjects and into their lives outside the classroom. Encourages Good Assessment Practices: Student achievement of the standards and objectives in this Core is best assessed using a variety of assessment instruments.
The purpose of an assessment should be clear to the teacher as it is planned, implemented, and evaluated. Performance tests are particularly appropriate to evaluate student mastery of science processes and problem-solving skills.